The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

October 2022

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



Domestic violence is a public health problem in the United States affecting an estimated 10 million people each year. Every October, organizations working on violence prevention observe Domestic Violence Awareness Month (DVAM) to raise awareness about this public health crisis and connect with others who are working on domestic violence prevention solutions.


We know that an estimated 60 women are shot and killed each month by an intimate partner. While research has shed light on the prevalence of domestic violence, accurate and timely data is still challenging to obtain. Particularly, there is a lack of data on marginalized populations who often face multiple barriers to reporting abuse and accessing help.


In addition to better, timely, and culturally sensitive data collection, there is an urgent need to implement evidence-based solutions that can prevent domestic violence, including Domestic Violence Protective Orders (DVPO) and completely closing the dating partner loophole. The Bipartisan Safer Communities Act provides critical protections to victims and survivors of domestic violence, but it only partially closes the dating partner loophole by failing to remove firearms in domestic violence restraining orders where the abuser is a dating partner.


Extreme Risk Protection Orders (ERPOs) can also be a useful tool in some cases, although they do not include many of the critical domestic violence protections that exist in DVPOs. The Consortium played a significant role in the development and adoption of ERPO laws. In 2013, the Consortium recommended that states enact a risk-based firearm removal policy, now widely known as ERPOs or red flag laws. Today, we continue to raise awareness about the importance of implementing laws to address domestic violence and other forms of gun violence.



  • 97Percent report, Finding the Common Ground in Gun Safety

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Selected Research Articles


Ellyson AM, Martin KD, Bowen D, Gallagher A, & Rivara FP. (2022). Implicit racial and gender bias about handguns: A new implicit association test. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.


Gaylord-Harden, N., Alli, J., Davis-Stober, C. P., & Henderson, H. (2022). A trauma-informed approach to understanding firearm decision-making among black adolescents: Implications for prevention. Preventive Medicine. 


Hemenway D, & Zhang W. (2022). Patterns of household gun ownership and firearm suicide among black men compared to white men. Preventive Medicine.  


Horwitz J, & Cantrell S. (2022). Seizing a critical opportunity to reduce gun violence: The Bipartisan Safer Communities Act. Health Affairs Forefront.  


Patton DU, Aguilar N, Landau AY, Thomas C, Kagan R, Ren T, Stoneberg E, Wang T, Halmos D, Saha A, Ananthram A, & McKeown K. (2022). Community implications for gun violence prevention during co-occurring pandemics; a qualitative and computational analysis study. Preventive Medicine. 


Rudolph KE, & Keyes K. (2022). Voluntary firearm divestment and suicide risk: Real-world importance in the absence of causal identification. Epidemiology.  


Swanson JW, Tong G, Easter MM, Sivaraman JC, Gifford EJ, Gardner BO, Donnelly EA, Evans KE, Copeland WE, Swartz MS, & Bonnie RJ. (2022). Gun violence among young adults with a juvenile crime record in North Carolina: Implications for firearm restrictions based on age and risk. Preventive Medicine.  


Zeoli AM, Frattaroli S, Barnard L, Bowen A, Christy A, Easter M, Kapoor R, Knoepke C, Ma W, Molocznik A, Norko M, Omaki E, Paruk JK, Pear VA, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Schleimer JP, Swanson JW, & Wintemute GJ. (2022). Extreme risk protection orders in response to threats of multiple victim/mass shooting in six U.S. states: A descriptive study. Preventive Medicine.  


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For more information, contact Silvia Villarreal at

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