The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

April 2020

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



While we are enduring a global pandemic that demands our attention, we hope that you all were able to take a moment to celebrate Public Health Week this month. Thank you all for your incredible contributions to the public health field and for your continuous dedication to preventing gun violence. We are honored to work alongside you all in working to stop gun violence in all its forms using the public health approach.


Read on for new resources and news highlights from this month, followed by our monthly research recap.


New Resources:

Extreme Risk Laws Update:

  • Virginia’s extreme risk law was signed into law on April 8 and will go into effect on July 1, 2020. Currently, 19 states and the District of Columbia have enacted extreme risk laws.
  • San Diego City Attorney Mara Elliott discusses how GVROs (California’s extreme risk law) are being utilized during COVID-19 in the Times of San Diego.

Many Consortium members and friends of the Consortium have participated in media appearances and interviews, helping to educate the public on the intersection of COVID-19 and gun violence. Here are a few highlights:

Last but certainly not least, congratulations are in order! Please join us in extending our hearty congratulations to two Consortium steering committee members:

  • Paul Appelbaum, Dollard Professor of Psychiatry, Medicine, & Law at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, who was chosen for the Collegium Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum’s 2020 Ethics Prize! The CINP’s Ethics Prize in Psychopharmacology recognizes an individual’s outstanding achievements in ethics research within the field of psychopharmacology as well as their contribution to the promotion of public awareness of ethics in psychopharmacology and contributions to the world-wide solution of issues and questions within the ethical practice of psychopharmacology.
  • Jeff Swanson, Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine, was been selected as the 2020 recipient of the prestigious Isaac Ray Award by the American Psychiatric Association! He will deliver the Isaac Ray Lecture on the topic of extreme risk protection orders. The Isaac Ray Award, established in 1951, recognizes a person who has made outstanding contributions to forensic psychiatry or to the psychiatric aspects of jurisprudence. It is a joint award of the APA and the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law that honors Isaac Ray, M.D., one of the original founders and the fourth president of the APA. Past awardees include Consortium members Paul Appelbaum (1990), John Monahan (1996), Richard Bonnie (1998), Marvin Swartz (2015), and Renee Binder (2018).

As a reminder, our newsletter archive is publicly available and we share the research recaps on Twitter throughout the month – join us! Please tag us in your tweets or email us your updates (and your good news!) so we can amplify and highlight the gun violence prevention work you’re doing.


Continue to stay safe, stay healthy, and take care of each other.




Benjamin-Neelon SE & Grossman ER. (2020). State regulations governing firearms in early care and education settings in the US. JAMA Network Open.


Bonne S, Tufariello A, Coles Z, Hohl B, Ostermann M, Boxer P, Sloan-Power E, Gusmano M, Glass NE, Kunac A, & Livingston D. (2020). Identifying participants for inclusion in hospital based violence intervention: An analysis of 18 years of urban firearm recidivism. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


Butler EK, Boveng HM, Harruff RC, Duchin JS, Vavilala MS, Rivara FP, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2020). Risk of suicide, homicide, and unintentional firearm deaths in the home. JAMA Internal Medicine. 


Chadha S, McLone S, Mason M, & Sheehan K. (2020). Adolescent firearm homicides in Chicago, 2013-2017. Journal of Adolescent Health.


Chung SH, Biely C, & Dudovitz R. (2020). Firearm access and adolescent health: Safety in numbers? Population Health.


Culyba AJ & Sigel E. (2020). Firearms and substance use: Bringing synergy to counseling and intervention. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 


Dollar NT, Gutin I, Lawrence EM, Braudt DB, Fishman SH, Rogers RG, & Hummer RA. (2020). The persistent southern disadvantage in US early life mortality, 1965-2014. Demographic Research.


Dowd B, Khan I, Boneva D, McKenney M, & Elkbuli A. (2020). Self-inflicted gun violence injuries epidemic in the United States: A closer look at the nation’s well-being. American Surgeon. 


Flaherty MR & Klig JE. (2020). Firearm-related injuries in children and adolescents: An emergency and critical care perspective. Pediatrics.


Fleegler EW & Madeira JL. (2020). First, prevent harm: Eliminate firearm transfer liability as a lethal means reduction strategy. American Journal of Public Health. 


Goin DE, Rudolph KE, Gomez AM, & Ahern J. (2020). Mediation of firearm violence and preterm birth by pregnancy complications and health behaviors: Addressing structural and post-exposure confounding. American Journal of Epidemiology. 


Hsu HT, Fulginiti A, Petering R, Barman-Adhikari A, Maria DS, Shelton J, Bender K, Narendorf S, & Ferguson K. (2020). Firearm violence exposure and suicidal ideation among young adults experiencing homelessness. Adolescent Health. 


Izadi SN, Patel N, Fofana D, Paredes AZ, Whitis J, Snyder SK, Torres-Reveron A, & Skubic JJ. (2020). Racial inequality in the trauma of women: A disproportionate decade. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


Johnson-Young EA, McDonald D, Burrell T, Wang Y, Juang D, Silver D, & Lichenstein R. (2020). Understanding pediatric residents’ communication decisions regarding anticipatory guidance about firearms. Journal of Health Communication. 


Jordan L, Kalin J, & Dabrowski C. (2020). Characteristics of gun advertisements on social media: Systematic search and content analysis of Twitter and YouTube posts. Journal of Medical Internet Research.


Mannix R, Lee LK, & Fleegler EW. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and firearms in the United States: Will an epidemic of suicide follow? Annals of Internal Medicine. 


Miller GF, Kegler SR, & Stone DM. (2020). Traumatic brain injury-related deaths from firearm suicide: United States, 2008-2017. American Journal of Public Health.


Miller M, Salhi C, Barber C, Azrael D, Beatriz E, Berrigan J, Brandspigel S, Betz ME, & Runyan C. (2020). Changes in firearm and medication storage practices in homes of youths at risk for suicide: Results of the SAFETY study, a clustered, emergency department–based, multisite, stepped-wedge trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 


Monteith LL, Holliday R, Dorsey Holliman BA, Brenner LA, & Simonetti JA. (2020). Understanding female veterans’ experiences and perspectives of firearms. Journal of Clinical Psychology.


Polzer E, Brandspigel S, Kelly T, & Betz M. (2020). “Gun shop projects” for suicide prevention in the USA: Current state and future directions. Injury Prevention. 


Schellenberg M, Owattanapanich N, Cremonini C, Heindel P, Anderson GA, Clark DH, Demetriades D, & Inaba K. (2020). Shotgun wounds: Nationwide trends in epidemiology, injury patterns, and outcomes from US trauma centers. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 


Simonetti JA, Piegari R, Maynard C, Brenner LA, Mori A, Post EP, Nelson K, & Trivedi R. (2020). Characteristics and injury mechanisms of veteran primary care suicide decedents with and without diagnosed mental illness. Journal of General Internal Medicine.


Siry B, Betz M, Azrael D, Knoepke C, Simpson S, Omeragic F, & Matlock D. (2020). A pilot trial of suicidal adults within emergency departments: Enrollment challenges and strategies related to firearm access. SAGE Research Methods.


Skeem J & Monahan J. (2020). Lost in translation: “Risks,” “needs,” and “evidence” in implementing the first step act. Behavioral Sciences & the Law.


Stone EM, Barry CL, Crifasi CK, Webster DW, Vernick JS, & McGinty EE. (2020). Support for gun policies among young adults in the U.S., 2017-2019. Preventive Medicine. 


Swendiman RA, Hatchimonji JS, Allukian M, Blinman TA, Nance ML, & Nace GW. (2020). Pediatric firearm injuries: Anatomy of an epidemic. Surgery.


Wang J, Sumner SA, Simon TR, Crosby AE, Annor FB, Gaylor E, Xu L, & Holland KM. (2020). Trends in the incidence and lethality of suicidal acts in the United States, 2006 to 2015. JAMA Psychiatry. 


Wen LS & Sadeghi NB. (2020). Treating gun violence with a public health approach. American Journal of Medicine. 


Winker M, Rowhani-Rahbar A, & Rivara FP. (2020). US gun violence and deaths. BMJ.


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