The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

May 2020

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



As we continue to navigate our new reality with the spread of COVID-19, we hope you are all continuing to stay safe and healthy. Unfortunately, as we all know too well, even a pandemic cannot stop the epidemic of gun violence in America. We’re seeing more calls to suicide prevention and domestic violence hotlines, preliminary data that points to a rise in community violence in certain cities, and continuous police brutality and killings of unarmed Black people. As a result, our work in stopping gun violence in all its forms continues to be of the utmost importance.


Read on for new resources and news highlights from this month, followed by our monthly research recap.


Mental Health:

  • This month we celebrated Mental Health Awareness month. While mental illness is not the cause of gun violence (see our first Consortium report on this topic), we know there are often lasting mental health consequences after the trauma of gun violence. Please see our list of mental health resources here.

New Resources:

  • Implement ERPO, a project of the Bloomberg American Health Initiative and co-led by Consortium steering committee member Shannon Frattaroli and Ed Fund executive director Josh Horwitz, has new resources available for implementers of extreme risk laws. There are new downloadable factsheets for six states – California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, and Florida – that detail the process for obtaining ERPOs in each state. Additionally, there are new videos from implementers in King County, Washington that provide lessons learned and best practices related to extreme risk law implementation.
  • The Ed Fund released a memo, Domestic Violence and COVID-19, that outlines the intersection of domestic violence, firearms, and COVID-19 – including policy recommendations for preventing domestic violence.
  • Last month, the Ed Fund hosted a webinar on COVID-19 and gun violence in impacted communities of color. You can see the full recording of the conversation here.
  • The Duke Center for Firearms Law has a new video interview with Consortium steering committee member Jeff Swanson on the potential for increased risks of firearm suicide during the pandemic.
  • Maryland now has an online, interactive Firearm Safe Storage Map that can help people in distress find temporary firearm storage facilities in their community. As a reminder, Colorado and Washington have their own safe storage maps.
  • The National Institute for Criminal Justice Reform released a new Cost of Gun Violence report for San Bernardino, California, funded by the Hope and Heal Fund.

Save the Date:

  • On June 9th, Consortium steering committee member Shannon Frattaroli, Ed Fund policy analyst Lisa Geller, and National Coalition Against Domestic Violence (NCADV) executive director Ruth Glenn will be presenting a webinar on the intersection of domestic violence and firearms, hosted by the Peacemaking Program of the Presbyterian Church. For more on this topic, see the Consortium’s 2016 report on firearm removal in cases of domestic violence and, a project led by the Ed Fund and NCADV that evolved from the Consortium’s report.
  • On June 9th at 12:00pm ET, SAVIR is hosting a webinar, Why Should You Tweet?, to share effective Twitter usage for injury and violence scholars.

Research Funding:

Media Mentions:

Continue to stay safe, stay healthy, and take care of each other.




Barber C, Walters H, Brown T, & Hemenway D. (2020). Suicides at shooting ranges. Crisis.


Boggs JM, Quintana LM, Powers JD, Hochberg S, & Beck A. (2020). Frequency of clinicians’ assessments for access to lethal means in persons at risk for suicide. Archives of Suicide Research.


Buttrick N. (2020). Protective gun ownership as a coping mechanism. Perspectives on Psychological Science.


Caputi TL, Ayers JW, Dredze M, Suplina N, & Burd-Sharps S. (2020). Collateral crises of gun preparation and the COVID-19 pandemic: An infodemiology study. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance.


DeMello AS, Rosenfeld EH, Whitaker B, Wesson DE, & Naik-Mathuria BJ. (2020). Keeping children safe at home: Parent perspectives to firearms safety education delivered by pediatric providers. Southern Medical Journal.


Doucette ML, Dayton H, Lapidus G, Borrup KT, & Campbell BT. (2020). Firearms, dementia, and the clinician: Development of a safety counseling protocol. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.


Duncan TK, Weaver JL, Zakrison TL, Joseph B, Campbell BT, Christmas AB, Stewart RM, Kuhls, DA, & Bulger EM. (2020). Domestic violence and safe storage of firearms in the COVID-19 era. Annals of Surgery. 


Dutheil F, Baker JS, & Navel V (2020). Firearms or SARS-Cov-2: What is the most lethal? Public Health.


Flaherty MR & Klig JE. (2020). Firearm-related injuries in children and adolescents: An emergency and critical care perspective. Current Opinion in Pediatrics.


Gius M. (2020). Examining the impact of child access prevention laws on youth firearm suicides using the synthetic control method. International Review of Law and Economics. 


Giwa AO, Milsten A, Vieira DL, Ogedegbe C, Kelly KM, Schwab AP, & Moskop JC. (2020). “Run, hide, fight,” or “secure, preserve, fight”: How should healthcare professionals and facilities respond to active shooter incidents? Academic Emergency Medicine.


Goldberg RJ, Lapane K, Lemon S, & Hirsh MP. (2020). The smoking gun: Can we do for gun control what we are doing to control the vaping and e-cigarettes epidemic? Medical Care.


Goldstein EV, Prater LC, Bose-Brill S, & Wickizer TM. (2020). The firearm suicide crisis: Physicians can make a difference. Annals of Family Medicine.


Goldstick JE & Cunningham RM. (2020). US firearm mortality: An update. Health Affairs.


Gresham M & Demuth S. (2020). Who owns a handgun? An analysis of the correlates of handgun ownership in young adulthood. Crime and Delinquency.


Gunnell D, Appleby L, Arensman E, Hawton K, John A, Kapur N, Khan M, O’Connor RC, Pirkis J, Appleby L, Arensman E, Caine ED, Chan LF, Chang SS, Chen YY, Christensen H, Dandona R, Eddleston M, Erlangsen A, & Yip PS. (2020). Suicide risk and prevention during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry.


Johnson L, Cusano JL, Nikolova K, Steiner JJ, & Postmus JL. (2020). Do you believe your partner is capable of killing you? An examination of female IPV survivors’ perceptions of fatality risk indicators. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.


Kaufman EJ, Morrison CN, Olson EJ, Humphreys DK, Wiebe DJ, Martin ND, Sims CA, Hoofnagle MH, Schwab CW, Reilly PM, & Seamon MJ. (2020). Universal background checks for handgun purchases can reduce homicide rates of African Americans. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


Kongkaewpaisan N, El Hechi M, El Moheb M, Orlas CP, Ortega G, Mendoza MA, Parks J, Saillant NN, Kaafarani HA, & Mendoza AE. (2020). No place like home: A national study on firearm-related injuries in the American household. American Journal of Surgery.


Kuo T, Barragan NC, & Kim-Farley R. (2020). Letter regarding: Policy and other opportunities to intervene on firearm injury in the United States. Journal of Surgical Research.


Lee DB, Hsieh HF, Stoddard SA, Heinze JE, Carter PM, Goldstick JE, Cunningham MC, Cunningham RM, & Zimmerman MA. (2020). Longitudinal pathway from violence exposure to firearm carriage among adolescents: The role of future expectation. Journal of Adolescence.


Marshall WA, Egger ME, Pike A, Bozeman MC, Franklin GA, Nash NA, Smith JW, Richardson JD, Harbrecht BG, Benns MV, & Miller KR. (2020). Recidivism rates following firearm injury as determined by a collaborative hospital and law enforcement database. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.


Olfson M, Cosgrove CM, Wall MM, & Blanco C. (2020). Sociodemographic factors associated with high risk for firearm suicide among US adults. JAMA Internal Medicine. 


Ozuna L, Champion C, & Yorkgitis BK. (2020). Partnering with patients to reduce firearm-related death and injury. American Osteopathic Association.


Phalen P, Bridgeford E, Gant L, Kivisto A, Ray B, & Fitzgerald S. (2020). Baltimore Ceasefire 365: Estimated impact of a recurring community-led ceasefire on gun violence. American Journal of Public Health.


Pomeranz JL. (2020). Firearm industry groups are using COVID-19 to expand gun rights. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice.


Powell RE & Sacks CA. (2020). A national research strategy to reduce firearm-related injury and death: Recommendations from the health policy research subcommittee of the society of general internal medicine (SGIM). Journal of General Internal Medicine. 


Raifman J, Sampson L, & Galea S. (2020). Suicide fatalities in the US compared to Canada: Potential suicides averted with lower firearm ownership in the US. PloS One.


Silver AH, Andrews AL, Azzarone G, Bhansali P, Hjelmseth E, Hogan AH, O’Connor KM, Romo N, & Parikh K. (2020). Engagement and leadership in firearm-related violence prevention: The role of the pediatric hospitalist. Hospital Pediatrics. 


Sokol RL, Carter PM, Goldstick J, Miller AL, Walton MA, Zimmerman MA, & Cunningham RM. (2020). Within-person variability in firearm carriage among high-risk youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.


Summers AR, Cheema AN, Pirruccio K, Kazmers NH, & Gray BL. (2020). Epidemiology of pediatric non ballistic firearm injuries to the upper extremity in the United States from 2000 to 2017. HAND.


Swanson SA, Eyllon M, Sheu YH, & Miller M. (2020). Firearm access and adolescent suicide risk: Toward a clearer understanding of effect size. Injury Prevention.


Tolat ND, Naik-Mathuria BJ, & McGuire AL. (2020). Physician involvement in promoting gun safety. Annals of Family Medicine.


Vester MEM, Nolte KB, Hatch GM, Gerrard CY, Stoel RD, & van Rijn RR. (2020). Postmortem computed tomography in firearm homicides: A retrospective case series. Journal of Forensic Sciences.


Follow us on Twitter @Consortium_RBFP
For more information, contact Silvia Villarreal at

View All Newsletters