The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

April 2023

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



Community Violence Interventions (CVI) have proven to be an effective strategy to reduce violence when properly funded and implemented.  These programs focus on partnerships and collaborations with those most affected by gun violence. When BIPOC communities are part of crafting gun violence prevention policies and interventions to reduce gun violence, they have a better opportunity to engage in equitable advocacy and capacity building, resulting in more effective and sustainable solutions.

This month we are featuring the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Solutions report, “Estimating the Effects of Safe Streets Baltimore on Gun Violence” authored by Daniel Webster, Carla Tilchin and Mitchell Doucette. This report evaluates the Safer Streets Baltimore (Safer Streets), a CVI initiative.

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The report “Estimating the Effects of Safe Streets Baltimore on Gun Violence” evaluates the Safer Streets Baltimore (Safer Streets), to determine program effectiveness in reducing gun violence in 11 neighborhoods during 2007-2022. While prior studies of Safer Streets have shown mixed results across sites and over time, this recent evaluation found that several of the program’s sites were associated with a significant reduction in gun violence.

The report’s key findings supported the study’s hypothesis that the city’s Safe Streets program in neighborhoods most impacted by gun violence reduced homicides and nonfatal shootings by an average of 16% to 23%, with larger reductions in homicides during the first four years across the five longer-running sites by an average of 32%. While there are opportunities and limitations to further strengthen the impact and consistency of the Safer Streets program, this report provides evidence to support the effectiveness of community violence intervention as a comprehensive, life-saving tool for neighborhoods most impacted by violence.



  • Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Solutions report, Estimating the Effects of Safe Streets Baltimore on Gun Violence
  • The Trace’s interactive map to visualize U.S. fatal and nonfatal shootings, An Atlas of American Gun Violence.



Barnard LM, Johnson RL, Brandspigel S, Rooney LA, McCarthy M, Rivara FP, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Knoepke CE, Peterson RA, & Betz ME. (2023). Practices, knowledge, and concerns for out-of-home firearm storage among those with access to firearms: Results from a survey in two states. Injury Epidemiology. 


Bond AE, Moceri-Brooks J, Rodriguez TR, Semenza D, & Anestis MD. (2023). Determining who healthcare providers screen for firearm access in the United States. Preventive Medicine. 


Degli Esposti M, Goldstick J, Gravel J, Kaufman EJ, Delgado MK, Richmond TS, & Wiebe DJ. (2023). How have firearm laws changed in states with unexpected decreases or increases in firearm homicide, 1990–2019? SSM – Population Health. 


Goldstein EV, Mooney SJ, Takagi-Stewart J, Agnew BF, Morgan ER, Haviland MJ, Zhou W, & Prater LC. (2023). Characterizing female firearm suicide circumstances: A natural language processing and machine learning approach. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 


Jay J, Martin R, Patel M, Xie K, Shareef F, & Simes JT. (2023). Analyzing child firearm assault injuries by race and ethnicity during the COVID-19 pandemic in 4 major US cities. JAMA Network Open.  


Ross KM, Walsh CS, O’Connor KE, & Sullivan TN. (2023). Ecological promotive and protective factors deterring gun carriage for young adults living in communities with high rates of community violence. Journal of Community Psychology. 


Shour AR, Anguzu R, Zhou Y, Muehlbauer A, Joseph A, Oladebo T, Puthoff D, & Onitilo AA. (2023). Your neighborhood matters: An ecological social determinant study of the relationship between residential racial segregation and the risk of firearm fatalities. Injury Epidemiology. 


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