The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

May 2023

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



Ten years ago, the Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy convened for the first time to identify areas of consensus regarding risk factors for future gun violence, discuss existing research evidence, and foster collaboration on the development of new research that led to the creation of a policy recommendation that became today’s Extreme Risk Protection Orders (ERPO), also known as red flag laws.

Today, we are proud to say we are still developing evidence-based policy recommendations. You can find more information about the work we have done these last ten years in our new website

We are also excited to share that our new report “Alcohol Misuse and Gun Violence: An Evidence-Based Approach for Gun Violence” was released earlier this  month. This report clearly identifies alcohol misuse as a risk factor for gun violence and is a comprehensive resource for researchers, advocates, and policymakers working to address this dangerous intersection. You can find out more about our report below.




Alcohol misuse plays an outsize role in gun violence. The report “Alcohol Misuse and Gun Violence: An Evidence-Based Approach for State Policy” was authored by the Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy and the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Solutions. It proposes evidence-based policy recommendations to address the deadly combination of alcohol misuse and firearms.

Its recommendations focus on two policy areas: limiting access to firearms by a person with a documented history of alcohol misuse, such as driving under the influence; and restricting firearms at locations where alcohol is consumed. The authors based their recommendations on the latest available research on alcohol use and firearms as well as comprehensive reviews of state laws. Recognizing the disproportionate impacts of both gun violence and alcohol related harms, the report includes racial equity considerations that were developed using the Racial Equity Impact Assessment (REIA) tool created by the Consortium in partnership with six other organizations dedicated to advance racial equity.



  • President’s Task Force report, 21st Century Policing: A Renewed Call to Action
  • Kaiser Family Foundation Health Tracking Poll key findings, Americans’ Experiences with Gun-Related Violence, Injuries, and Deaths
  • Violence Policy Center’s report, Black Homicide Victimization in the United States: An Analysis of 2020 Homicide Data





Dawson MK, Ivey A, & Buggs S. (2023). Relationships, resources, and political empowerment: Community violence intervention strategies that contest the logics of policing and incarceration. Frontiers in Public Health.


Harper CR, Li J, Sheats K, Hertz MF, Merrill-Francis M, Friar NW, Ashley CL, Shanklin S, Barbero C, Gaylor EM, & Hoots BE. (2023). Witnessing community violence, gun carrying, and associations with substance use and suicide risk among high school students—Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2021. MMWR Supplements.


Hemenway D, Azrael D, Zhang W, & Miller M. (2023). Black household gun ownership and black suicide rates across U.S. States. Journal of the National Medical Association.


Reeping PM, Mak A, Branas CC, Gobaud AN, & Nance ML. (2023). Firearm death rates in rural vs urban US counties. JAMA Surgery.


Roche JS, Carter PM, Zeoli AM, Cunningham RM, & Zimmerman MA. (2023). Challenges, successes, and the future of firearm injury prevention. The Milbank Quarterly.


Rowhani-Rahbar A, Oesterle S, Gause EL, Kuklinski MR, Ellyson AM, Schleimer JP, Dalve K, Weybright EH, Briney JS, & Hawkins JD. (2023). Effect of the communities that care prevention system on adolescent handgun carrying: A cluster-randomized clinical trial. JAMA Network Open.


Sokol RL, Haasz M, Zimmerman MA, Cunningham RM, & Carter PM. (2023). The association between witnessing firearm violence and firearm carriage: Results from a national study of teens. Preventive Medicine.


Spitzer SA, Vail DG, Dey T, Salim A, & Jarman MP. (2023). The impact of redlining on modern-day firearm injuries: A nationwide study of federal policy. Annals of Surgery.


Walsh CS, Ross KM, Bishop DL, & Sullivan TN. (2023). Identifying protective factors that mitigate relations between experiences with violence and gun carriage for Black young adults living in economically marginalized urban communities. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.


Zheng N, Abram KM, Welty LJ, Aaby DA, Meyerson NS, & Teplin LA. (2023). Nonfatal firearm injury and firearm mortality in high-risk youths and young adults 25 years after detention. JAMA Network Open.


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For more information, contact Silvia Villarreal at

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