The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

August 2019

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy




August began amidst an especially difficult week – three tragic mass shootings in the span of just eight days in Gilroy, California; El Paso, Texas; and Dayton, Ohio. As we grieve for the victims, survivors, and their families, we also grieve for the people and communities impacted by gun violence every day in this country. Like many of you, we channel our grief into working towards stopping gun violence and are grateful to work alongside you in this effort. Thanks to you all for your work in this field.


In the days and weeks following these mass shootings, many Consortium members and others participated in countless media appearances and interviews, helping to educate the public and lawmakers on evidence-based policies and interventions for gun violence prevention. Here are a few highlights:

  • Amy Barnhost was featured on Politico’s Pulse Check podcast to discuss how gun violence is more than a “mental health crisis”
  • Kami Chavis and Amy Barnhorst were each interviewed for pieces on mass shootings and misogyny, in Guns and America and the New York Times, respectively
  • Cassandra Crifasi, Harold Pollack, and Daniel Webster penned an op ed in the Washington Post calling for licensing and increased oversight of youthful gun purchasers
  • Shannon Frattaroli and Josh Horwitz published an op ed in The Hill urging Congress to support implementation of extreme risk laws
  • Beth McGinty was quoted and the Consortium mentioned in an NBC News piece on mental illness and evidence-based risk factors for violence
  • Jeff Swanson and Garen Wintemute were featured on PBS Newshour discussing evidence-based gun violence prevention policies
  • The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence shared a new blog featuring interviews with Consortium members on the history of extreme risk laws and, by default, the formation of the Consortium

A number of new resources were also released this month:

  • The Colorado Firearm Safety Coalition released an innovative Gun Storage Map to help community members seeking local options for temporary, voluntary firearm storage. Please email Emmy Betz if you’re interested in expanding the project to your state.
  • The Veterans Healthcare Policy Institute published a paper by Russell Lemle about lethal means safety as a firearm suicide prevention strategy among veterans. The paper includes key data, an overview of the VA’s lethal means safety initiatives, and suggestions for policy and research.
  • The Firearm-safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium developed a teach-out discussing the state of gun violence and injury prevention in the US and how data may inform solutions. The FACTS Consortium will also be hosting its first national research symposium on October 21st in Ann Arbor, MI. If you are interested in attending, please register here.
  • The Joyce Foundation (a funder of the Consortium) issued a report commemorating its 25 years of funding gun violence prevention research. Many Consortium members’ work is featured.

Looking ahead: On Wednesday, September 4, the House Judiciary Committee is returning early from their August recess to hold a mark up on H.R. 1186, the Keep Americans Safe Act; H.R. 1236, the Extreme Risk Protection Order Act of 2019; and H.R. 2708, the Disarm Hate Act. The inclusion of the Extreme Risk Protection Order Act is especially exciting given the promise the bill holds for enhancing the enactment and implementation of Consortium-developed extreme risk laws across the states. In addition, an assault weapons ban hearing is scheduled for September 25.

It was an unusually busy month for the publication of gun violence research. Read on for our research recap, including new research by Consortium member Garen Wintemute and colleagues that highlights cases where California’s extreme risk law was used in the prevention of mass shootings – the first study to show that application of an extreme risk law. As always, please remember to tag us on twitter and continue to send us your work so we can help share it.




Abaya, R., Atte, T., Herres, J., Diamond, G., & Fein, J. A. (2019). Characteristics and behavioral risk factors of firearm-exposed youth in an urban emergency department. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 42(4), 603–612.


Anglemyer A & Beautrais A. (2019). Political response to firearm violence resulting in mass casualties in New Zealand and the United States: Worlds apart. Annals of Internal Medicine.


Antonucci MU. (2019). Firearm injury prevention. Annals of Internal Medicine.


Bryan CJ, Bryan AO, & Anestis MD. (2019). Firearm availability and storage practices among military personnel who have thought about suicide. Journal of the American Medical Association.


Cunningham RM, Carter PM, & Zimmerman M. (2019). The Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium: Defining the current state of the science on pediatric firearm injury prevention. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.

See also: Cunningham RM, Carter PM, & Zimmerman MA. (2019). Correction to: The Firearm Safety Among Children and Teens (FACTS) Consortium: defining the current state of the science on pediatric firearm injury prevention. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


de Jager E, McCarty JC, Jarman MP, & Goralnick E. (2019). US civilian active shooter incidents involving a semiautomatic rifle are more lethal than incidents involving other firearms. Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

See also: Sarani B & Smith ER. (2019). A holistic approach to firearm legislation is needed: In reply to de Jager and colleagues. Journal of the American College of Surgeons.


Feigelman W, Rosen Z, & Cerel J. (2019). Unraveling the complex web of associations between easy access to firearms and premature mortalities. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.


Glenn CR, Kleiman EM, Kellerman J, Pollak O, Cha CB, Esposito EC, Porter AC, Wyman PA, & Boatman AE. (2019). Annual research review: A meta‐analytic review of worldwide suicide rates in adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.


Goldstick JE, Carter PM, Heinze JE, Walton MA, Zimmerman M, & Cunningham RM. (2019). Predictors of transitions in firearm assault behavior among drug-using youth presenting to an urban emergency department. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Gondi S, Pomerantz A, & Sacks C. (2019). Extreme risk protection orders: An opportunity to improve gun violence prevention training. Academic Medicine.


Hostetter TA, Hoffmire CA, Forster JE, Adams RS, Stearns-Yoder KA, & Brenner LA. (2019). Suicide and traumatic brain injury among individuals seeking veterans health administration services between fiscal years 2006 and 2015. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation.


Jay J, Miratrix LW, Branas CC, Zimmerman MA, & Hemenway D. (2019). Urban building demolitions, firearm violence and drug crime. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Jager-Hyman S, Wolk BC, Ahmedani BK, Zeber JE, Fein JA, Brown GK, Byeon YV, Listerud H, Gregor CA, Lieberman A, & Beidas RS. (2019). Perspectives from firearm stakeholders on firearm safety promotion in pediatric primary care as a suicide prevention strategy: A qualitative study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Lyons VH, Rivara FP, Yan A N-X, Currier C, Ballsmith E, Haggerty KP, Whiteside L, Floyd AS, Hajat A, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2019). Firearm-related behaviors following firearm injury: Changes in ownership, carrying and storage. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Maghami S, Hendrix C, Matecki M, Mahendran K, Amdur R, Mitchell R, Diaz F, Estroff J, Smith E, Shapiro G, & Sarani B. (2019). Comparison of the causes of death and wounding patterns in urban firearm-related violence and civilian public mass shooting events. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.


McLean RM, Harris P, Cullen J, Maier RV, Yasuda KE, Schwartz BJ, & Benjamin GC. (2019). Firearm-related injury and death in the United States: A call to action from the nation’s leading physician and public health professional organizations. Annals of Internal Medicine.

Listen to Annals on Call for a discussion of the paper with its lead author.


National Council for Behavioral Health Medical Director Institute. (2019). Mass violence in America: Causes, impacts, and solutions.


Ngo QM, Sigel E, Moon A, Stein SF, Massey LS, Rivara F, King C, Ilgen M, Cunningham R, Walton MA, & FACTS Consortium. (2019). State of the science: A scoping review of primary prevention of firearm injuries among children and adolescents. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Oliphant SN, Mouch CA, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Hargarten S, Jay J, Hemenway D, Zimmerman M, Carter PM, & FACTS Consortium. (2019). A scoping review of patterns, motives, and risk and protective factors for adolescent firearm carriage. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Pizarro JM, Holt K, & Pelletier KR. (2019). An examination of the situated transactions of firearm homicides. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Post LA, Balsen Z, Spano R, & Vaca FE. (2019). Bolstering gun injury surveillance accuracy using capture–recapture methods. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Rajan S, Branas CC, Myers D, & Agrawal N. (2019). Youth exposure to violence involving a gun: Evidence for adverse childhood experience classification. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Ranney M, Karb R, Ehrlich E, Bromwich K, Cunningham R, Beidas RS, & FACTS Consortium. (2019). What are the long-term consequences of youth exposure to firearm injury, and how do we prevent them? A scoping review. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Rose SL. (2019). High-quality research on the impact of deaths due to firearms is critical for fairly evaluating public policy. Journal of General Internal Medicine.


Sall J, Brenner L, Bell AMM, & Colston MJ. (2019). Assessment and management of patients at risk for suicide: Synopsis of the 2019 U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Defense clinical practice guidelines. Annals of Internal Medicine.


Schmidt CJ, Rupp L, Pizarro JM, Lee DB, Branas CC, & Zimmerman MA. (2019). Risk and protective factors related to youth firearm violence: A scoping review and directions for future research. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Schnitzer PG, Dykstra HK, Trigylidas TE, & Lichenstein R. (2019). Firearm suicide among youth in the United States, 2004–2015. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Schwab-Reese LM & Peek-Asa C. (2019). Factors contributing to homicide-suicide: Differences between firearm and non-firearm deaths. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Small DS, Sorenson SB, & Berk RA. (2019). After the gun: Examining police visits and intimate partner violence following incidents involving a firearm. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Spitzer S, Muppala V, & Solomon A. (2019). Firearm injury prevention. Annals of Internal Medicine.


Swanson J. (2019). Understanding the research on extreme risk protection orders: Varying results, same message. Psychiatry Online.


Wallace LN. (2019). Gun safety discussions with caregivers: Timing and demographic associations in a retrospective study. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.


Wintemute GJ, Pear VA, Schleimer JP, Pallin R, Sohl S, Kravitz-Wirtz N, & Tomsich EA. (2019) Extreme risk protection orders intended to prevent mass shootings: A case series. Annals of Internal Medicine.


Zeoli AM, Goldstick J, Mauri A, Wallin M, Goyal M, Cunningham R, & FACTS Consortium. The association of firearm laws with firearm outcomes among children and adolescents: A scoping review. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Bryan CJ, Bryan AO, & Anestis MD. (2019). Firearm availability and storage practices among military personnel who have thought about suicide. Journal of the American Medical Association.


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