The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

September 2019

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy




September marked Suicide Prevention Month, and given that firearm suicides make up half of all suicides in the United States, the Ed Fund launched its new Prevent Firearm Suicide website, which applies the social ecological model to firearm suicide prevention. You’ll see that we featured Consortium-recommended lethal means safety counseling and extreme risk laws, in addition to citing the research and resources of many Consortium members and friends. With its data-driven yet approachable format — ideal for individuals, loved ones, community members, policymakers, and everyone in between — Prevent Firearm Suicide will be a critical resource for both the gun violence prevention and suicide prevention communities. Thank you to all who contributed expertise to this project.


There was a lot of gun violence prevention activity on the Hill this month, beginning with the House Judiciary Committee passing three gun violence prevention bills out of committee on the 10th, including H.R. 1236, the Extreme Risk Protection Order Act of 2019, which would establish a program to award grants to states to implement extreme risk laws. On the 17th, Consortium members April Zeoli and Daniel Webster served as panelists for a Countering Mass Shootings in the U.S. congressional briefing. The following day, the Joint Economic Committee held a hearing entitled, Gun Violence in America: Understanding and Reducing the Costs of Firearm Injuries and Deaths. At the end of the month, the House Judiciary Committee held two more important hearings, Protecting America from Assault Weapons on the 25th and Community Responses to Gun Violence in Our Cities on the 26th. A national rally to #EndGunViolence coincided with the hearing on the 25th, supported by over 65 organizations.


In case you missed it:

  • The full recording of the joint American Public Health Association and Bloomberg American Health Initiative Policies that Work to Prevent Gun Violence forum featuring a multitude of Consortium members and friends is available (free) and full of evidence in support of gun violence prevention policies.
  • The Trace wrote about the state of funding for gun violence prevention research, interviewing multiple researchers including Consortium member Matt Miller.
  • Jeff Swanson and Amy Barnhorst were interviewed on the In Sickness and In Health podcast, the first in a series about extreme risk laws.
  • Merriam-Webster added red flag law to the dictionary this month and notes that its synonym, extreme risk law, dates to 2017.

Our September research recap is below. In addition, the journal Injury Prevention released a firearms-focused special issue featuring 2018 and 2019 papers by many Consortium members, friends, and Ed Fund staff, available in full here.


Finally, please continue to tag us on twitter and send us your work or invitations to collaborate so we can help spread the word.




Appelbaum PS. (2019). In search of a new paradigm for research on violence and schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry.


Barry CL, Stone EM, Crifasi CK, Vernick JS, Webster DW, & McGinty EE. (2019). Trends in public opinion on US gun laws: Majorities of gun owners and non-gun owners support a range of measures. Health Affairs.


Brown RS. (2019). What is safe household firearm storage to prevent deaths among US youths? Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics.

See also: Monuteaux MC, Azrael D, & Miller M. (2019). What is safe household firearm storage to prevent deaths among US youths?-Reply. Journal of the American Medical Association Pediatrics. 


Cook PJ, Braga AA, Turchan BS, & Barao LM. (2019). Why do gun murders have a higher clearance rate than gunshot assaults? Criminology & Public Policy. 


Crifasi CK, Stone EM, McGinty B, Vernick JS, Barry CL, & Webster DW. (2019). Differences in public support for handgun purchaser licensing. Injury Prevention.


Deng H, Yue JK, Winkler EA, Dhall SS, Manley GT, & Tarapore PE. (2019). Pediatric firearm-related traumatic brain injury in United States trauma centers. Journal of Neurosurgery.


Dorney K, Dodington JM, Rees CA, Farrell CA, Hanson, HR, Lyons TW, Lee LK, & the Injury Free Coalition for Kids®. (2019). Preventing injuries must be a priority to prevent disease in the twenty-first century. Pediatric Research.


Drake C, Hernandez AM, Liu Y, Schwartz AH, & Sundaram ME. (2019). Evidence of background checks in an online firearms marketplace. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.


Gonzales L & McNiel DE. (2019). Correlates of gun violence by criminal justice-involved adolescents. Law and Human Behavior.


Haser G, Yousuf S, Turnock B, & Sheehan K. (2019). Promoting safe firearm storage in an urban neighborhood: The views of parents concerning the role of health care providers. Journal of Community Health. 


Jay J. (2019). Alcohol outlets and firearm violence: A place-based case-control study using satellite imagery and machine learning. Injury Prevention. 


Kagawa RMC, Stewart S, Wright MA, Shev AB, Pear VA, McCort CD, Pallin R, Asif-Sattar R, Sohl S, Kass PH, Cerdá M, Gruenewald P, Studdert DM, Wintemute GJ. (2019). Association of prior convictions for driving under the influence with risk of subsequent arrest for violent crimes among handgun purchasers. Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine. 


Kaufman E, Holena DN, Yang WP, Morrison CN, Jacoby SF, Seamon M, Sims C, Wiebe DJ, & Beard JH. (2019). Firearm assault in Philadelphia, 2005-2014: A comparison of police and trauma registry data. Trauma Surgery and Acute Care Open.


Kaufman E, Morrison CN, & Branas CC. (2019). Reducing gun violence using alcohol-related convictions: “Never use alcohol, over-the-counter drugs, or prescription drugs before or while shooting.” Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine. 


Laqueur HS, Kagawa RMC, McCort CD, Pallin R, & Wintemute G. (2019). The impact of spikes in handgun acquisitions on firearm-related harms. Injury Epidemiology.


The Lancet. (2019). Reaching critical mass on mass shootings (editorial). The Lancet.


Matthay EC, Farkas K, Rudolph KE, Zimmerman S, Barragan M, Goin DE, & Ahern J. (2019). Firearm and nonfirearm violence after Operation Peacemaker Fellowship in Richmond, California, 1996-2016. American Journal of Public Health. 


McGarrell EF, Hipple NK, Huebner BM, & O’Brien M. (2019). The importance of nonfatal shooting data to inform violence prevention policy, practice, and research. Translational Criminology.


Naganathan S & Mueller KL. (2019). Physician documentation of access to firearms in suicidal patients in the emergency department. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine.


Neufeld MY, Sanchez SE, & Siegel M. (2019). Firearm policy: Physician organizations’ role in political action committee funds, 2018. American Journal of Public Health.


Olufajo OA, Zeineddin A, Nonez H, Okorie NC, De La Cruz E, Cornwell EE, & Williams M. (2019). Trends in firearm injuries among children and teenagers in the United States. Journal of Surgical Research.


Persons JE, Hefti MM, & Nashelsky MB. (2019). Epidemiology of suicide in an Iowa cohort. Public Health.


Sauaia A, Moore EE, & Moore HB. (2019). Case fatality rates do not tell the whole story. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 

See also: Sarani B. (2019). A holistic and scientifically rigorous approach to firearm research is needed: In reply to Sauaia and colleagues. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 


Subra B, Muller D, Fourgassie L, Chauvin A, & Alexopoulos T. (2018). Of guns and snakes: Testing a modern threat superiority effect. Cognition and Emotion. 


Wax JR, Cartin A, Craig WY, & Pinette MG. (2019). U.S. acute care hospital shootings, 2012–2016: A content analysis study. Work. 


Wilson MP, Moutier C, Wolf L, Nordstrom K, Schulz T, & Betz ME. (2019). Emergency department recommendations for suicide prevention in adults: The ICAR2E mnemonic and a systematic review of the literature. American Journal of Emergency Medicine. 


Zeoli AM, Paruk JK, Pizarro JM, & Goldstick J. (2019). Ecological research for studies of violence: A methodological guide. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.


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