The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

January 2024

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



On January 6, 2021, over 1,000 disillusioned attackers, including armed insurrectionists, stormed the U.S. Capitol to undermine the 2020 presidential election. Claims that the presidential election was stolen and voting fraud was committed were debunked and dismissed through facts and evidence. Nevertheless, three years have passed, and these “disillusioned” beliefs and conspiracies about the election are growing and creating a wider political divide. A poll, conducted last summer, found nearly 70% of Republicans believe Biden’s win was illegitimate. These insurrection ideologies are important to address as threats of armed political violence continue to grow across the nation ultimately challenging our democracy.  

This month we are featuring Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Solutions report, “Defending Democracy: Addressing the Dangers of Armed Insurrection” authored by Tim Carey, Kelly Roskam, and Joshua Horwitz. The report recounts the insurrection at the U.S. Capitol and makes recommendation to reduce armed threats of political violence in the future.




The “Defending Democracy” report examines the growing threat of insurrectionist ideologies and how the threat of armed insurrection can be prevented with effective policies and practices at the local, state, and national levels focused on protecting the integrity of the nation’s democratic processes. 

Recommendations in the report include regulating the public carry of firearms, prohibiting the civilian possession of firearms in locations essential to political participation to protect the core functions of government, enacting and implementing extreme risk protection order laws to temporarily disarm people who pose a high risk of violence, repealing or creating exceptions for firearm preemption laws to give local governments the ability to create policies to address risks of insurrectionism in their jurisdictions, and break the insurrectionist permission structure by openly denouncing violence. 

You can find an interesting discussion about the report on the podcast, Public Health on Call: How Armed Insurrection Threatens Public Health.  








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