The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

February 2020

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



February marks another month of robust firearms-related research. We started sending the Consortium newsletter in March 2017 and within the last year, we’ve noticed more peer-reviewed articles being published than ever before. As the field and its funding grow, we’re excited to share the most robust research recap every month and hope you find it useful! Our complete archive is available here. Read on for new resources and news highlights from this month, followed by our research recap.


New resources:

  • The Ed Fund released Gun Violence in America: An Analysis of 2018 CDC Data, an update to Gun Violence in America: 2018 Data Brief (released last month following the initial release of 2018 mortality data). This new report includes age-adjusted rates, demographics, state-by-state breakdowns, and trends over time.
  • Washington now has an online, interactive Firearm Safe Storage Map that can help people in distress find temporary firearm storage facilities in their community. As a reminder, Colorado released a similar Gun Storage Map last year.

Extreme risk law updates:

  • New Mexico now has an extreme risk law! New Mexico’s ERPO was signed into law on Wednesday, February 26, bringing the total number of states with extreme risk laws to 18 and DC.
  • Extreme risk laws may be going international: Ottawa Safety Minister Bill Blair recently announced plans to enact an ERPO law. The proposed legislation would allow doctors, police, lawyers, educators, and family members to seek a court order to temporarily remove firearms from persons at elevated risk of suicide or interpersonal violence.

Research funding:

  • Following last year’s federal budget allocation of $25 million in research funding for firearm injury prevention, the CDC announced a new funding opportunity for research grants to prevent firearm-related violence and injuries. Applications are due May 5. Consortium members’ media mentions on the topic include:
  • The University of California Firearm Violence Research Center (UCFC), located at UC Davis, recently launched a new round of funding for firearm violence research. One program is only open to investigators at UC campuses, while the other is open to applicants from all public universities. Proposals are due May 1.
  • PayPal is funding new research to better understand illegal firearm trafficking by analyzing the payment systems financing the transactions. The effort will be led by the Center on Crime and Community Resilience at Northeastern University and the University of Chicago Crime Lab with contributions by multiple Consortium members.

Again, our newsletter archive is publicly available and we share the research recaps on twitter – join us! Please tag us in your tweets or email us your updates so we can amplify and highlight the gun violence prevention work you’re doing. This month’s research recap is below.




Ammerman BA & Reger MA. (2020). Evaluation of prevention efforts and risk factors among veteran suicide decedents who died by firearm. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.


Barry CL, Bandara S, Fowler EF, Baum L, Gollust SE, Niederdeppe J, & Hendricks AK. (2020). Guns in political advertising over four US election cycles, 2012-18. Health Affairs. 


Bauer BW, Gai AR, Duffy ME, Rogers ML, Khazem LR, Martin RL, Joiner TE, & Capron DW. (2020). Fearlessness about death does not differ by suicide attempt method. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 


Berk RA & Sorenson SB. (2020). Algorithmic approach to forecasting rare violent events. Criminology and Public Policy.


Betz ME, Knoepke CE, Simpson S, Siry BJ, Clement A, Saunders T, Johnson R, Azrael D, Boudreaux ED, Omeragic F, Adams LM, Almond S, Juarez-Colunga E, & Matlock DD. (2020). An interactive web-based lethal means safety decision aid for suicidal adults (Lock to Live): Pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research.


Boeck MA, Strong B, & Campbell A. (2020). Disparities in firearm injury: Consequences of structural violence. Current Trauma Reports. 


Butterworth SE, Daruwala SE, & Anestis MD. (2020). The role of reason for firearm ownership in beliefs about firearms and suicide, openness to means safety, and current firearm storage. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.


Cornell DG. (2020). Threat assessment as a school violence prevention strategy. Criminology and Public Policy.


Croitoru A, Kien S, Mahabir R, Radzikowski J, Crooks A, Schuchard R, Begay T, Lee A, Bettios A, & Stefanidis A. (2020). Responses to mass shooting events. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Cuchara B, & Diaz FJ. (2020). An 8-year retrospective study on suicides in Washington, DC. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology.


Davidson JE, Proudfoot J, Lee K, Terterian G, & Zisook S. (2020). A longitudinal analysis of nurse suicide in the United States (2005-2016) with recommendations for action. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing.


Duwe G. (2020). Patterns and prevalence of lethal mass violence. Criminology and Public Policy.


Freilich JD, Chermak SM, & Klein BR. (2020). Investigating the applicability of situational crime prevention to the public mass violence context. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Giannakakos AR, Vladescu JC, Reeve KF, Kisamore AN, Fienup DM, & Carrow JN. (2020). Using behavioral skills training and equivalence-based instruction to teach children safe responding to dangerous stimuli: A proof of concept. Psychological Record.


Gold LH. (2020). Domestic violence, firearms, and mass shootings. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.


Gonzales L & McNiel DE. (2020). Correlates of gun violence by criminal justice-involved adolescents. Law and Human Behavior.


Huff‐Corzine L & Corzine J. (2020). The devil’s in the details: Measuring mass violence. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Hughes BD, Cummins CB, Shan Y, Mehta HB, Radhakrishnan RS, & Bowen-Jallow KA. (2020). Pediatric firearm injuries: Racial disparities and predictors of healthcare outcomes. Journal of Pediatric Surgery.  


James L, James SM, & Vila BJ. (2020). The reverse racism effect: Are cops more hesitant to shoot Black than White suspects? Criminology and Public Policy.


Kamat PP, Santore MT, Hoops KEM, Wetzel M, McCracken C, Sullivan D, Hall M, & Grunwell JR. (2020). Critical care resource use, cost, and mortality associated with firearm-related injuries in US children’s hospitals. Journal of Pediatric Surgery.


Kaufman EJ & Richmond TS. (2020). Beyond band-aids for bullet holes: Firearm violence as a public health priority. Critical Care Medicine.


Koper CS. (2020). Assessing the potential to reduce deaths and injuries from mass shootings through restrictions on assault weapons and other high-capacity semiautomatic firearms. Criminology and Public Policy.


Langman P. (2020). Desperate identities. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Lankford A & Silver J. (2020). Why have public mass shootings become more deadly? Criminology and Public Policy. 


Laqueur HS & Wintemute GJ. (2020). Identifying high-risk firearm owners to prevent mass violence. Criminology and Public Policy.


Manley NR, Fischer PE, Sharpe JP, Stranch EW, Fabian TC, Croce MA, & Magnotti LJ. (2020). Separating truth from alternative facts: 37 years of guns, murder, and violence across the US. Journal of the American College of Surgeons.


Mattson SA, Sigel E, & Mercado MC. (2020). Risk and protective factors associated with youth firearm access, possession or carrying. American Journal of Criminal Justice. 


Nagin DS. (2020). Firearm availability and fatal police shootings. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.


Nagin DS, Koper CS, & Lum C. (2020). Policy recommendations for countering mass shootings in the United States. Criminology and Public Policy.


Nestadt PS, MacKrell K, McCourt AD, Fowler DR, & Crifasi CK. (2020). Prevalence of long gun use in Maryland firearm suicides. Injury Epidemiology. 


Phalen P, Bridgeford E, Gant L, Kivisto A, Ray B, & Fitzgerald S. (2020). Baltimore Ceasefire 365: Estimated impact of a recurring community-led ceasefire on gun violence. American Journal of Public Health.


Quiroz HJ, Casey LC, Parreco JP, Willobee BA, Rattan R, Lasko DS, Perez EA, Sola JE, & Thorson CM. (2020). Human and economic costs of pediatric firearm injury. Journal of Pediatric Surgery.


Rai A, Villarreal-Otálora T, Blackburn J, & Choi YJ. (2020). Correlates of intimate partner stalking precipitated homicides in the United States. Journal of Family Violence. 


Reeping PM, Jacoby S, Rajan S, & Branas CC. (2020). Rapid response to mass shootings. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Ridgeway G. (2020). The role of individual officer characteristics in police shootings. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 


Schmutte TJ & Wilkinson ST. (2020). Suicide in older adults with and without known mental illness: Results from the National Violent Death Reporting System, 2003-2016. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.


Semenza DC, Stansfield R, & Link NW. (2020). The dynamics of race, place, and homicide context in the relationship between firearm dealers and gun violence. Justice Quarterly. 


Silver J. (2020). Space between concern and crime. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Skeem J & Mulvey E. (2020). What role does serious mental illness play in mass shootings, and how should we address it? Criminology and Public Policy.


Webster DW, McCourt AD, Crifasi CK, Booty MD, & Stuart EA. (2020). Evidence concerning the regulation of firearms design, sale, and carrying on fatal mass shootings in the United States. Criminology and Public Policy. 


Wical W, Richardson J, & Bullock C. (2020). A credible messenger: The role of the violence intervention specialist in the lives of young Black male survivors of violence. Violence and Gender.


Wu L & Wells W. (2020). Spatiotemporal analysis of shooting-arrest interaction in Houston. Springer International Publishing. 


Zeoli AM & Paruk JK. (2020). Potential to prevent mass shootings through domestic violence firearm restrictions. Criminology and Public Policy.


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