The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

February 2021

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy




January was quite the start to 2021: between the Senate race runoffs in Georgia, violent insurrection at the Capitol, record-breaking COVID stats, and the Biden/Harris inauguration and welcoming of the new administration, the month was a veritable roller coaster. As we turn now to Gun Violence Survivors Week (Feb 1-7) and Black History Month, we recognize and reaffirm our commitment to evidence-based and equitable approaches to gun violence prevention. Throughout it all, our work continues and we have new resources and an incredible amount of new gun violence research to share.


New resources:

Upcoming events:

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Abelow H, Crifasi C, & Webster D. (2020). The legal and empirical case for firearm purchaser licensing. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Aubel AJ, Pallin R, Wintemute GJ, & Kravitz-Wirtz N. (2020). Exposure to violence, firearm involvement, and socioemotional consequences among California adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 


Ayres I, Shelley Z, & Vars FE. (2020). The Walmart effect: Testing private interventions to reduce gun suicide. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Badolato GM, Boyle MD, McCarter R, Zeoli AM, Terrill W, & Goyal MK. (2020). Racial and ethnic disparities in firearm-related pediatric deaths related to legal intervention. Pediatrics. 


Barnhorst A, Gonzales H, & Asif-Sattar R. (2021). Suicide prevention efforts in the United States and their effectiveness. Current Opinion in Psychiatry. 


Bleyer A, Siegel SE, & Thomas CR. (2021). Increasing rate of unintentional firearm deaths in youngest Americans: Firearm prevalence and COVID-19 pandemic implication. Journal of the National Medical Association. 


Blocher J & Vaseghi B. (2020). True threats, self-defense, and the Second Amendment. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Blosnich JR, Boyer TL, Brown GR, Kauth MR, & Shipherd JC. (2021). Differences in methods of suicide death among transgender and nontransgender patients in the Veterans Health Administration, 1999-2016. Medical Care.


Bojanić L, Pitman A, & Kapur N. (2021). Suicide prevention through means restriction: The example of firearms control in Croatia. Journal of Public Health. 


Brown S & Schuman DL. (2020). Suicide in the time of COVID‐19: A perfect storm. Journal of Rural Health. 


Bryan CJ, Bryan AO, & Anestis MA. (2020). Positive and negative affective processes associated with firearm acquisition and ownership. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology. 


Budd M, Hofman N, & Corpron C. (2021). Utilizing frequency and severity of injury to identify injury prevention priorities in the community. Journal of Trauma Nursing.


Byrne A, Hagen MG, & Thompson L. (2021). Gun safety for children. JAMA Pediatrics. 


Camp C. (2020). Gun regulation exceptionalism and adolescent violence: A comparison to tobacco. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics.


Capron DW, Andel R, Voracek M, Till B, Niederkrotenthaler T, Bauer BW, Anestis MD, & Tran US. (2021). Time-series analyses of firearm-related Google searches and U.S. suicide rates 2004-2016. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior. 


Currie DW, Schwab-Reese LM, & Runyan CW. (2021). Psychiatric diagnoses are associated with means selection in United States suicide deaths. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 


Delaney GA & Charles JD. (2020). A double-filter provision for expanded red flag laws: A proposal for balancing rights and risks in preventing gun violence. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Durkin A, Schenck C, Narayan Y, Nyhan K, Khoshnood K, & Vermund SH. (2020). Prevention of firearm injury through policy and law: The Social Ecological Model. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Durkin A, Willmore B, Sarnoff CN, & Hemenway D. (2020). The firearms data gap. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Frattaroli S, Zeoli AM, & Webster DW. (2021). Armed, prohibited and violent at home: Implementation and enforcement of restrictions on gun possession by domestic violence offenders in four U.S. localities. Journal of Family Violence. 


Friedman JK, Mytty E, Ninokawa S, Reza T, Kaufman E, Raza S, Horwitz B, Asher J, Taghavi S, Guidry C, & Duchesne J. (2021). A tale of two cities: What’s driving the firearm mortality difference in two large urban centers? American Surgeon. 


Goodwin AK & Grayson T. (2020). Investing in the frontlines: Why trusting and supporting communities of color will help address gun violence. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics.  


Gluck AR, Nabavi-Noori A, & Wang S. (2020). Gun violence in court. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Gunn JF & Boxer P. (2021). Gun laws and youth gun carrying: Results from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, 2005–2017. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 


Halimeh BN, Hughes D, Evans B, Emberson J, Turco L, Zakrison TL, & Winfield RD. (2021). Empowering the affected – Informing community-based solutions through interviews with survivors of interpersonal firearm violence. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


Honberg RS. (2020). Mental illness and gun violence: Research and policy options. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Horn DL, Butler EK, Stahl JL, Rowhani-Rahbar A, & Littman AJ. (2020). A multi-state evaluation of the association between mental health and firearm storage practices. Preventive Medicine. 


O’Brien AJ, Thom K, Gordon S, McKenna B, Kidd J, Quince K, & Exeter DJ. (2021). The nature of police shootings in New Zealand: A comparison of mental health and non-mental health events. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 


Justino D, de Silva Costa KT, & de Andrade FB. (2021). Epidemiological profile of female firearm-related mortality. Medicine. 


Kalesan B, Siracuse JJ, Cook A, Prosperi M, Fagan J, & Galea S. (2020). Prevalence and hospital charges from firearm injuries treated in US emergency departments from 2006 to 2016. Surgery. 


Kennedy A, Cerel J, Kheibari A, Leske S, & Watts J. (2021). A comparison of farming- and non-farming-related suicides from the United States’ National Violent Deaths Reporting System, 2003-2016. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior. 


Kim DY & Phillips SW. (2021). When COVID-19 and guns meet: A rise in shootings. Journal of Criminal Justice.  


Kimmel J & Rowe M. (2020). A behavioral addiction model of revenge, violence, and gun abuse. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Kohn NA. (2020). How the guardianship system can help address gun violence. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Kovandzic T & Kleck G. (2021). The impact of firearm levels on homicide rates: The effects of controlling for cultural differences in cross-national research. American Journal of Criminal Justice. 


Kravitz-Wirtz N, Aubel A, Schleimer J, Pallin R, & Wintemute G. (2021). Public concern about violence, firearms, and the COVID-19 pandemic in California. JAMA Network Open.


Kravitz-Wirtz N, Pallin R, Kagawa R, Miller M, Azrael D, & Wintemute G. (2021). Firearm purchases without background checks in California. Preventive Medicine. 


Kuhn SA. (2020). COVID-19 emergency restrictions on firearms. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Laguado SA, Steavenson R, & Mehvar M. (2021). Areas of improvement in suicide risk identification, assessment, and risk mitigation documentation by mental health prescribers at a Veterans Affairs Health Care System. Administration and Policy in Mental Health.


LaPlant KM, Seckinger DM, Lee KE, & LaPlant JT. (2021). Cocked, locked, and loaded: An analysis of the five policy regimes of concealed carry on college campuses. Politics & Policy. 


Lee V, Camp C, Jairam V, Park HS, & Yu JB. (2020). Emergency department visits for firearm-related injuries among youth in the United States, 2006-2015. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Leibbrand C, Rivara F, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2021). Gun violence exposure and experiences of depression among mothers. Prevention Science. 


Leuenberger L, Lehman E, & McCall-Hosenfeld J. (2021). Perceptions of firearms in a cohort of women exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) in Central Pennsylvania. BMC Women’s Health. 


Li CN, Sacks CA, Cummings BM, Samuels-Kalow M, Masiakos PT, & Flaherty MR. (2021). Improving pediatric residents’ screening for access to firearms in high risk patients presenting to the emergency department. Academic Pediatrics. 


Lynch KR & Jackson DB. (2020). Firearm exposure and the health of high-risk intimate partner violence victims. Social Science & Medicine. 


Lyons VH, Adhia A, Moe CA, Kernic MA, Schiller M, Bowen A, Rivara FP, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2020). Risk factors for child death during an intimate partner homicide: A case-control study. Child Maltreatment. 


Lyons VH, Floyd AS, Griffin E, Wang J, Hajat A, Carone M, Benkeser D, Whiteside LK, Haggerty KP, Rivara FP, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2020). Helping individuals with firearm injuries: A cluster randomized trial. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


Manley NR, Huang DD, Lewis RH, Bee T, Fischer PE, Croce MA, & Magnotti LJ. (2020). Caught in the crossfire: 37 years of firearm violence afflicting America’s youth. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


McCourt AD. (2021). Firearm access and suicide: Lethal means counseling and safe storage education in a comprehensive prevention strategy. American Journal of Public Health. 


Metzl JM, Piemonte J, & McKay T. (2021). Mental illness, mass shootings, and the future of psychiatric research into American gun violence. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 


Monteith LL, Holliday R, Brown TL, Brenner LA, & Mohatt NV. (2020). Preventing suicide in rural communities during the COVID‐19 pandemic. Journal of Rural Health. 


O’Neill KM, Shultz BN, Lye CT, Ranney ML, D’Onofrio G, & Coupet E. (2020). Physicians on the frontlines: Understanding the lived experience of physicians working in communities that experienced a mass casualty shooting. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Pfaffendorf J, Davis AP, & Kinney AB. (2021). Masculinity, ritual, and racialized status threat: Examining mass shooter manifestos using structural topic models. Sociological Inquiry. 


Reeping PM, Morrison CN, Rudolph KE, Goyal MK, & Branas CC. (2021). A comparison and analysis of seven gun law permissiveness scales. Injury Epidemiology. 


Rhee P, Prabhakaran K, Joseph B, Smiley A, Okumura K, Klein J, Policastro A, Lombardo G, & Latifi R. (2021). Firearm deaths are increasing and endemic in the USA: It is a problem of suicides and not homicides. World Journal of Surgery. 


Rivara FP, Vars FE, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2021). Three interventions to address the other pandemic – firearm injury and death. JAMA. 


Rosenbaum K, Grigorian A, Yeates E, Kuza C, Kim D, Inaba K, Dolich M, & Nahmias J. (2021). A national analysis of pediatric firearm violence and the effects of race and insurance status on risk of mortality. American Journal of Surgery. 


Rozel JS, Soliman L, & Jain A. (2021). The gun talk: How to have effective conversations with patients and families about firearm injury prevention. Behavioral Emergencies for Healthcare Providers. 


Salhi C, Berrigan J, Azrael D, Beatriz E, Barber C, Runyan C, & Miller M. (2021). “It’s changed how we have these conversations”: Emergency department clinicians’ experiences implementing firearms and other lethal suicide methods counseling for caregivers of adolescents. International Review of Psychiatry. 


Sarani B. (2021). COVID-19 and firearm injury: A uniquely American problem. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 


Schmutte T, Costa M, Hammer P, & Davidson L. (2021). Comparisons between suicide in persons with serious mental illness, other mental disorders, or no known mental illness: Results from 37 U.S. states, 2003-2017. Schizophrenia Research. 


Shjarback JA, White MD, & Bishopp SA. (2021). Can police shootings be reduced by requiring officers to document when they point firearms at citizens? Injury Prevention. 


Shultz BN, Lye CT, D’Onofrio G, Gluck AR, Miller J, Kraschel KL, & Ranney ML. (2020). Understanding the role of law in reducing firearm injury through clinical interventions. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Shultz B, Tolchin B, & Kraschel K. (2021). The “rules of the road”: Ethics, firearms, and the physician’s “lane.” Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Soe-Lin H, Sarver A, Kaufman J, Sutherland M, & Ginzburg E. (2020). Miami-Dade County Juvenile Weapons Offenders Program (JWOP): A potential model to reduce firearm crime recidivism nationwide. Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open. 


Stokes SC, McFadden NR, Salcedo ES, & Beres AL. (2021). Firearm injuries in children: A missed opportunity for firearm safety education. Injury Prevention. 


Swanson JW, Nestadt PS, Barnhorst AV, & Frattaroli S. (2021). Risk-based temporary firearm removal orders: A new legal tool for clinicians. Harvard Review of Psychiatry. 


Talbot T & Skaggs A. (2020). Regulating 3D-printed guns post-Heller: Why two steps are better than one. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 


Wallace LN. (2020). Pennsylvania workplace safety: Employee perceptions of active shooter preparedness. Violence and Victims. 


White K, Cook PJ, & Pollack HA. (2021). Gunshot-victim cooperation with police investigations: Results from the Chicago Inmate Survey. Preventive Medicine. 


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