The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

August 2021

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



As of this writing, we are still anxiously awaiting a Senate confirmation vote on the nomination of David Chipman to head the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Ever since the position was changed to require a Senate confirmation in 2006, it’s become a politicized debate. Indeed, the ATF has only had a Senate-confirmed director for two of the 15 years since, and only an acting head since 2015. Nominated in April, Chipman has more than 30 years of experience in public safety, including 25 as a special agent with the ATF. The Senate’s action one way or another, will have significant effects on U.S. firearm policy going forward, so we’ll certainly be watching!


Congressional/Federal updates

  • The House Appropriations Committee released a draft funding bill that would fund the following programs through DOJ, among others:
    • $100 million for community-based violence intervention initiatives
    • $100 million for grants to help states improve their submissions into the National Instant Criminal Background Check system for gun purchases
    • $40 million for a pilot program to incentivize states to establish or refine Red Flag and Gun Licensing Laws
    • $10 million for a pilot program to develop and expand gun buyback and relinquishment programs
  • The Vote Without Fear Act, which would prohibit firearms at and around federal polling places on election days, was introduced in the House.
  • The Invest In Us Coalition is marking six months of engagement with this Administration and Congress. Heading into August recess, the work continues, particularly around the Break the Cycle of Violence Act (reintroduced in June).


New resources


Media highlights


Upcoming events


Finally, the Educational Fund to Stop Gun Violence — the organization that manages and staffs the Consortium — is hiring, with new positions recently listed. Please share our career opportunities with your networks.


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Bandealy A, Goyal MK, & Dooley DG. (2021). This is very much our lane: Childhood firearm exposure and adult outcomes. Pediatrics.


Barnhorst A & Rozel JS. (2021). Evaluating threats of mass shootings in the psychiatric setting. International Review of Psychiatry. 


Barragan M. (2021). Policing and punishing illegal gun behavior: An examination of jail detainee experiences with gun law enforcement in Los Angeles. Social Problems.


Bauer MA. (2021). Too quick on the trigger: How the fourth circuit’s review of regulatory takings in Maryland Shall issue, Inc. v. Hogan failed to consider the complexities of takings jurisprudence. Maryland Law Review Online.


Beardslee J, Kan E, Simmons C, Pardini D, Peniche M, Frick PJ, Steinberg L, & Cauffman E. (2021). A within-individual examination of the predictors of gun carrying during adolescence and young adulthood among young men. Journal of Youth and Adolescence.


Bernstein M. (2021). Protecting black lives: Ending community gun violence and police violence. Sociological Inquiry.


Bond AE, Bandel SL, Wagler K, Daruwala SE, & Anestis MD. (2021). Differentiating suicide decedents who died by firearm verse hanging. International Review of Psychiatry.


Bryan JL, Chen RL, Moon A, & Asghar-Ali AA. (2021). A high-need, high-impact educational session on firearms and death by suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.


Bundell S & Thompson B. (2021). How the US is rebooting gun violence research. Nature.


Campbell BT, Kuhls DA, Talley CL, Bulger EM, & Stewart RM. (2021). Firearm storage practice of US members of the American College of Surgeons. Journal of the American College of Surgeons.


Chan PE & Kirby MS. (2021). Firearms and home-based ABA services: Considerations for safe practice. Behavior Analysis in Practice.


Clark KD, Newell S, Kenyon EA, Karras E, Simonetti JA, Gerrity M, & Dobscha SK. (2021). Firearms storage safety discussions in VA primary care: Staff perspectives. General Hospital Psychiatry.


Cook PJ & Berglund A. (2021). More and better video evidence for police investigations of shootings: Chicago’s area technology centers. Policing: An International Journal.


Corburn J, Boggan D, & Muttaqi K. (2021). Urban safety, community healing & gun violence reduction: The Advance Peace model. Urban Transformations.


Ding OJ & Kennedy GJ. (2021). Understanding vulnerability to late-life suicide. Current Psychiatry Reports.


Donnelly M, Grigorian A, Swentek L, Arora J, Kuza CM, Inaba K, Kim D, Lekawa M, & Nahmias J. (2021). Firearm violence against children in the United States: Trends in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.


Donnelly MR, Grigorian A, Inaba K, Kuza CM, Kim D, Dolich M, Lekawa M, & Nahmias J. (2021). A dual pandemic: The influence of coronavirus disease 2019 on trends and types of firearm violence in California, Ohio, and the United States. Journal of Surgical Research.


Durán RJ & Shroulote-Durán CM. (2021). The racialized patterns of police violence: The critical importance of research as praxis. Sociology Compass.


Friedman SH, Beaman JW, & Friedman JB. (2021). Fatality review and the role of the forensic psychiatrist. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.


Henning K, Campbell CM, Stewart G, & Johnson J. (2021). Prioritizing police investigations of intimate partner violence using actuarial risk assessment. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.


Hoffmann JA, Hall M, Lorenz D, & Berry J. (2021). Emergency department visits for suicidal ideation and self-harm in rural and urban youth. The Journal of Pediatrics.


Hoops K, Fahimi J, Khoeur L, Studenmund C, Barber C, Barnhorst A, Betz ME, Crifasi CK, Davis JA, Dewispelaere W, Fisher L, Howard PK, Ketterer A, Marcolini E, Nestadt PS, Rozel J, Simonetti JA, Spitzer S, Victoroff M, …Ranney ML. (2021). Consensus-driven priorities for firearm injury education among medical professionals. Academic Medicine.


Hoover C, Hoover GG, & Specht AJ. (2021). Firearm licenses associated with elevated pediatric blood lead levels in Massachusetts. Environmental Research.


Johnson BT, Sisti A, Bernstein M, Chen K, Hennessy EA, Acabchuk RL, & Matos M. (2021). Community-level factors and incidence of gun violence in the United States, 2014-2017. Social Science & Medicine.


Kafka JM, Moracco KE, Williams D, & Hoffman C. (2021). What is the role of firearms in nonfatal intimate partner violence? Findings from civil protective order case data. Social Science & Medicine.


Kennedy B, Bugeja L, Olivier J, Johnson M, Hua P, Koppel S, & Ibrahim JE. (2021). Epidemiology of homicide in community-dwelling older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Trauma, Violence & Abuse.


Kuhls DA, Campbell BT, Thomas A, Michaels H, Bulger EM, & Stewart RM. (2021). Survey of American College of Surgeons members on firearm injury prevention. Journal of the American College of Surgeons.


Lankford A & Silva JR. (2021). The timing of opportunities to prevent mass shootings: A study of mental health contacts, work and school problems, and firearms acquisition. International Review of Psychiatry.


MacNeill EC. (2021). What’s notable is our absence. Academic Emergency Medicine.


Miller GF, Lyons BH, Peterson AB, Rice KL, & Holland KM. (2021). Reported history of traumatic brain injury among suicide decedents: National Violent Death Reporting System, 2003-2017. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.


Miller KR, Egger ME, Pike A, Burden J, Bozeman MC, Franklin GA, Nash NA, Smith JW, Harbrecht BG, & Benns MV. (2021). The limitations of hospital and law enforcement databases in characterizing the epidemiology of firearm injury. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.


Morris KS, Johnson SL, Fein JA, & Cheng TL. (2021). Posttraumatic stress symptoms among assault-injured youth: Parallel process models addressing comorbidity. Youth & Society.


Nazaretian Z, Heraux C, & Merolla D. (2021). Perceived threat and officer-involved shootings: Characteristics leading to fatal vs non-fatal instances. Policing: An International Journal.


Nehra D, Bulger EM, Maier RV, Moloney KE, Russo J, Wang J, Anderson K, & Zatzick D F. (2021). A prospective US national trauma center study of firearm injury survivors weapon carriage and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Annals of Surgery.


Omilion-Hodges LM & Edwards AL. (2021). Students as information responders and creators during a university shooting. Communication Studies.


O’Neill KM, Salazar MC, Vega C, Campbell A, Anderson E, & Dodington J. (2021). “The cops didn’t make it any better”: Perspectives on police and guns among survivors of gun violence. Social Science & Medicine.


Pino EC, Fontin F, James TL, & Dugan E. (2021). Mechanism of penetrating injury mediates the risk of long-term adverse outcomes for survivors of violent trauma. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery.


Pruente J, Heinemann AW, Zebracki K, Mukherjee S, & Gaebler-Spira D. (2021). Adult outcomes for children who sustained firearm-related spinal cord injuries. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine.


Reffi AN, Ellis RA, Darnell BC, & Orcutt HK. (2021). Mental health service utilization following a campus mass shooting: The role of preshooting emotion dysregulation and posttraumatic cognitions. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.


Rochford HI, Brooks K, Berg M, & Peek-Asa C. (2021). COVID-19-related violence trend data challenges & a resource for injury researchers. Injury Epidemiology.


Scherer HL, McMahon-Howard J, & McCafferty JT. (2021). Examining the extent and predictors of the negative impacts of a campus carry law among faculty and students. Sociological Inquiry.  


Schleimer JP, McCort CD, Shev AB, Pear VA, Tomsich E, De Biasi A, Buggs S, Laqueur HS, & Wintemute GJ. (2021). Firearm purchasing and firearm violence during the coronavirus pandemic in the United States: A cross-sectional study. Injury Epidemiology.


Semenza DC & Stansfield R. (2021). Community gun violence and functional disability: An ecological analysis among men in four U.S. cities. Health & Place.


Sloan JJ & Fisher BS. (2021). Concealed carrying on campus in the post–Virginia tech era: Dimensions of state regulation and differences in contexts of influence within them. Criminal Justice Policy Review.


Sokol RL, Marineau L, Zimmerman MA, Rupp LA, Cunningham RM, & Carter PM. (2021). Why some parents made firearms more accessible during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic: Results from a national study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Sokol RL, Zimmerman MA, Rupp L, Heinze JE, Cunningham RM, & Carter PM. (2021). Firearm purchasing during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in households with teens: A national study. Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Subbaraman N. (2021). Gun violence is surging—researchers finally have the money to ask why. Nature.


Tatebe LC, Sanchez J, Pekarek S, Koo N, Mis J, Schlanser V, Bokhari F, & Dennis AJ. (2021). Pediatric firearm-related injuries: Taking kids out of harm’s way begins with targeted prevention. Journal of Surgical Research. 


Wamser-Nanney R. (2021). Understanding gun violence: Factors associated with beliefs regarding guns, gun policies, and gun violence. Psychology of Violence.


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