The Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy              

May 2021

The Consortium for Risked-Based Firearm Policy



As detailed in our updates below, Consortium-developed and recommended approaches to preventing gun violence have been receiving attention on the national stage, including extreme risk protection orders and lethal means safety counseling. The job’s far from finished, but these latest updates are the products of years of research, policy development, consensus building, advocacy, and more, and that’s worth celebrating. Thank you for your continued dedication, engagement, and support of our work!


Before we dive in further, a welcome update to an ongoing story from California: The California Department of Justice announced it would once again provide the University of California Firearm Violence Research Center with access to California’s gun violence data, including full access to Gun Violence Restraining Order (GVRO) petitions. Background: In 2016, the California legislature established the Center and ensured its access to data for research purposes. DOJ provided the Center with data until January 2017 when then-Attorney General Xavier Becerra took over and researchers found the data increasingly difficult to access. Starting in January 2020, the Center was no longer provided critical identifying information for GVRO respondents despite no change in the statute and no explanation from DOJ. This latest update to resume data sharing comes less than a week after Attorney General Rob Bonta took over the Department and is an exciting development for gun violence prevention researchers and advocates alike.


Congressional/Federal updates

  • President Biden announces executive actions: During National Public Health Week, President Biden announced initial actions to address gun violence as the public health crisis it is, including a requirement that the Justice Department (DOJ) create a model extreme risk protection order law for states to enact. Other actions included requiring DOJ to issue: an annual report on firearms trafficking, a proposed rule to help stop the proliferation of “ghost guns,” and a proposed rule clarifying when a device marketed as a stabilizing brace effectively turns a pistol into a short-barreled rifle subject to the requirements of the National Firearms Act. He also announced historic investments for community violence interventions and prevention programming.
  • President Biden nominates ATF Director: Consortium contributor David Chipman was nominated by President Biden to be the next director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). Congratulations, David!
  • The Lethal Means Training Act is re-introduced: Congresswoman Lauren Underwood (D-IL) and Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) re-introduced the Lethal Means Safety Training Act, based on Consortium recommendations outlined in our 2017 Breaking Through Barriers report. The  Act would require that the Department of Veterans Affairs update its existing training on lethal means safety and expand the people in and outside the VA who will be required to complete the course. Many of you signed on to an endorsement letter of this bill and Vicka Chaplin (Consortium Managing Director) and Dakota Jablon (formerly CSGV’s Director of Federal Affairs) also submitted a letter of endorsement.
  • Senate Judiciary Committee holds hearing on extreme risk laws: Coalition to Stop Gun Violence Executive Director, Josh Horwitz, who also serves as Executive Director to the Consortium, testified at the Senate Judiciary hearing Stop Gun Violence: Extreme Risk Order / “Red Flag” Laws on the importance of extreme risk laws. His written testimony is available here.

New resources

Judicial updates

  • NYSRPA v. Corlett: On April 26th, the Supreme Court granted cert for New York State Rifle & Pistol Ass’n, Inc. v. Corlett, which is positioned to be the most significant Second Amendment case in over 10 years. The Court will determine if it is a violation of the Second Amendment for New York to require applicants for concealed carry licenses to have to show “proper cause” to be allowed to carry firearms in public. This is the first time the Supreme Court will examine the right to carry firearms in public places since the Court first recognized a constitutional right to own a firearm in their 2008 Heller opinion. Read more in the New York Times, Vox, and from our friends at the Duke Center for Firearms Law.

Media highlights

Upcoming events

  • May 6: 97PERCENT’s Gun Safety Symposium
  • May 13: Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Violence Prevention and Injury webinar, Mass Shootings: Trends, Patterns, and Prevention
  • May 18: Coalition to Stop Gun Violence webinar, Colorado: Making a Safer State, a discussion of CSGV’s Safer States Initiative in Colorado, working with local leaders to effect lasting change (email Sarah Rhyins for details)
  • May 18: BulletPoints webinar, the first in a monthly series, What You Can Do, a conversation on clinical strategies for reducing firearm injury and death

Research funding opportunities

  • NIMH: Systems-Level Risk Detection and Interventions to Reduce Suicide, Ideation, and Behaviors in Black Children and Adolescents (R01 and R34, Clinical Trial Optional) and Systems-Level Risk Detection and Interventions to Reduce Suicide, Ideation, and Behaviors in Youth from Underserved Populations (R01 and R34, Clinical Trial Optional)

If you’re in the Washington, DC area, the Gun Violence Memorial Project opened to the public in April at the National Building Museum. The exhibition is free and runs through September 25, 2022.


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Abdallah HO & Kaufman EJ. (2021). Before the bullets fly: The physician’s role in preventing firearm injury. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. 


Barber C, Goralnick E, & Miller M. (2021). The problem with ICD-coded firearm injuries. JAMA Internal Medicine. 

Kaufman EJ, Wiebe DJ, & Delgado MK. (2021). The problem with ICD-coded      firearm Injuries-Reply. JAMA Internal Medicine. 


Barron A, Hargarten S, & Webb T. (2021). Gun violence education in medical school: A call to action. Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 


Beard JH, Jacoby SF, Maher Z, Dong B, Kaufman EJ, Goldberg AJ, & Morrison CN. (2021). Changes in shooting incidence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, between March and November 2020. JAMA. 


Bell TM, Robbins C, & Gosain A. (2021). The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric firearm injuries. Pediatrics. 


Boeck MA, Juillard CJ, Dicker RA, Joseph BA, & Sakran JV. (2021). Turning value into action: Healthcare workers using digital media advocacy to drive change. PloS One. 


Bonne SL, Violano P, Duncan TK, Pappas PG, Baltazar GA, Dultz LA, Schroeder ME, Capella J, Hirsch M, Conrad-Schnetz K, Rattan R, Como JJ, Jewell S, & Crandall ML. (2021). Prevention of firearm violence through specific types of community-based programming: An eastern association for the Surgery of Trauma evidence-based review. Annals of Surgery.


Bonomi A, Zeoli AM, Shanahan S, & Martin D. (2021). Saving lives: Working across agencies and individuals to reduce intimate homicide among those at greatest risk. Journal of Family Violence. 


Bottiani JH, Camacho DA, Lindstrom Johnson S, & Bradshaw CP. (2021). Annual research review: Youth firearm violence disparities in the United States and implications for prevention. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 

Goldstick JE, Kaufman EJ, Delgado MK, Jay J, & Carter PM. (2021). Reducing youth firearm violence and the associated health disparities requires enhanced surveillance and modern behavioral intervention strategies – a commentary on Bottiani et al. (2021). Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 


Boyd P & Molyneux J. (2021). Assessing the contagiousness of mass shootings with nonparametric Hawkes processes. PloS One. 


Brooks-Russell A, Ma M, Brummett S, Kelly E, & Betz M. (2021). Perceived access to handguns among Colorado high school students. Pediatrics. 


Bryan CJ, Bryan AO, May AM, Harris JA, & Baker JC. (2021). Depression, suicide risk, and declining to answer firearm-related survey items among military personnel and veterans. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior. 


Burris S. (2021). Civilian use of deadly force in self-defense: Public health, stand your ground. American Journal of Public Health. 


Cohen JS, Donnelly K, Patel SJ, Badolato GM, Boyle MD, McCarter R, & Goyal MK. (2021). Firearms injuries involving young children in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic. Pediatrics. 


Degutis LC & Spivak HR. (2021). Gun violence prevention: A public health approach. American Public Health Association. 


DeLong DM. (2021). Another two mass shootings: Déjà vu all over again. Annals of Internal Medicine. 


Dittmer SJ, Davenport DL, Oyler DR, & Bernard AC. (2021). The influence of the opioid epidemic on firearm violence in Kentucky counties. Journal of Surgical Research. 


Esparza DP. (2021). Gun trafficking and violence. Springer Nature. 


Ferguson CJ & Smith S. (2021). Examining homicides and suicides cross-nationally: Economic factors, guns and video games. International Journal of Psychology. 


Fix GM & Linsky AM. (2021). Leveraging patient-centered approaches to discuss firearm storage safety. Journal of General Internal Medicine.


Frattaroli S & Sharfstein JM. (2021). Extreme risk protection orders—A tool for clinicians to prevent gun violence. JAMA Health Forum. 


Gunn JF, Boxer P, Andrews T, Ostermann M, Bonne SL, Gusmano M, Sloan-Power E, & Hohl B. (2021). The impact of firearm legislation on firearm deaths, 1991-2017. Journal of Public Health. 


Haviland MJ, Gause E, Rivara FP, Bowen AG, Hanron A, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2021). Assessment of county-level proxy variables for household firearm ownership. Preventive Medicine. 


Hink AB, Atkins DL, & Rowhani-Rahbar A. (2021). Not all survivors are the same: Qualitative assessment of prior violence, risks, recovery and perceptions of firearms and violence among victims of firearm injury. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 


Houghton A, Jackson-Weaver O, Toraih E, Burley N, Byrne T, McGrew P, Duchesne J, Tatum D, & Taghavi S. (2021). Firearm homicide mortality is influenced by structural racism in U.S. metropolitan areas. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 


Kappelman J & Fording RC. (2021). The effect of state gun laws on youth suicide by firearm: 1981-2017. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior.


Loder RT, Mishra A, Atoa B, & Young A. (2021). Spinal injury associated with firearm use. Cureus.


Martínez-Alés G, Pamplin JR, Rutherford C, Gimbrone C, Kandula S, Olfson M, Gould MS, Shaman J, & Keyes KM. (2021). Age, period, and cohort effects on suicide death in the United States from 1999 to 2018: Moderation by sex, race, and firearm involvement. Molecular Psychiatry. 


Newell S, Kenyon E, Clark KD, Elliott V, Rynerson A, Gerrity MS, Karras E, Simonetti JA, & Dobscha SK. (2021). Veterans are agreeable to discussions about firearms safety in primary care. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine. 


Shulman EP, Beardslee J, Fine A, Frick PJ, Steinberg L, & Cauffman E. (2021). Exposure to gun violence: Associations with anxiety, depressive symptoms, and aggression among male juvenile offenders. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology.


Simonsson JP & Solomon P. (2021). Misattribution of mental illness and gun violence. Social Work. 


Tanne JH. (2021). Biden outlines plans to reduce US gun violence. BMJ. 


Zeoli AM, Paruk J, Branas CC, Carter PM, Cunningham R, Heinze J, & Webster DW. (2021). Use of extreme risk protection orders to reduce gun violence in Oregon. Criminal Public Policy. 


Violanti JM & Steege A. (2021). Law enforcement worker suicide: An updated national assessment. Policing. 


Wintemute GJ. (2021). Ghost guns: Spookier than you think they are. Injury Epidemiology. 


Yakubovich AR, Esposti MD, Lange BCL, Melendez-Torres GJ, Parmar A, Wiebe DJ, & Humphreys DK. (2021). Effects of laws expanding civilian rights to use deadly force in self-defense on violence and crime: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health. 


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